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qW:zOR4Ag5gVbm 0A3,YXZ44W0s@"D{,@^sDQE "7p 0^ 0YLzv;xWw9%`JHM6m>w4?w=/z~?yb_XZi{H\%yR^=J%9!/FU(.y0EXR~q#;]Yxa&gGEjLS%;cX4!b;!Yk!OWbG1V:A4JT! Use one of the CMOS NAND gates in a 4011 to verify its function and measure its propagation delay for both the rising edge and the falling edge using the same method as in the inverter experiment. The text ptovides a clear and easily understandable discussion of logic circuit design without the use of unnecessary formalism. In practice, this is advantageous since NOR and NAND gates are . The objectives of this experiment include: Objectives Review basic principles of digital logic from ELEC 2200 4 0 obj
The small circle on the output of the circuit symbols designates the logic complement. and the 2nd switch to the ground and get 0V output voltage. AND gate The AND gate is an electronic circuit that gives a high output (1) only if all its inputs are high. Basic Logic Gates. not sufficient to implement complex digital logic functions. The following image shows the truth table of the full . Software benchtest for process sequences cleaning in place (CIP), sterilization in place (SIP) Preparation and review of valve . ECL is used only in systems requiring highspeed operation. Use the Logic Probe to when both switches were connected to the power we got a output voltage of 5V. Procedure : 1. Ans: The output of the OR gate will be high no matter what the other 2 input levels might be. It is made up of a ptype MOS transistor and a ntype MOS transistor. x[]o}Gy\Eld}P'1rmE36y[4DQpI
g.hp\aKeY>gZX(l8$'g?2rA1;N'45C5F n2#Tp9pxwDz_^\ULR4eh The truth table of an XNOR gate is given below; Logic gates have a lot of applications, but they are mainly based upon their mode of operations or their truth table. People are most familiar with the ones that are named: NAND, NOR, AND, OR, XOR. IDL800 Digital Lab "Breadboard" unit with test equipment and power supply built in IDL800 User Manual, if necessary (in lab cabinet) Common logic gates: SN 74LS04 hex inverter, SN 74LS00/SN74LS08 quad 2input NAND and AND gates, SN 74LS02/SN 74LS32 quad 2input NOR and OR gates, SN 74LS86 XOR gate Wire connection kit 5. ;Itix2R[AZV^fcll i1:xva?o\6/#BP OHh@ t!4pUV`f3t#.PB?Xb.,)f]S~$%G+[W{eMtYT2.bf8Pi0JQtgKP#Ib@os4,dT\E[qkHJ__(6 I0(GNjEj?Maf3%Lv>n\yTD
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Exceeding the specified maximum fanout (or load) may cause a malfunction because the circuit cannot supply the power demanded from it. Fig. You will learn how to use the IDL800 "Bit Bucket" breadboarding system to build circuits using common logic gates. !9:;<=&#><% ! Second theorem It states that the NOR gate isequivalentto a bubbled AND gate. The Full Set (AND, OR, and NOT) and Complete Sets (AND/NOT and OR/NOT) can also be . These logic gates perform the basic Boolean functions, such as AND, OR, NAND, NOR, Inversion, ExclusiveOR, ExclusiveNOR. xUNI !st+NOVPkPOXI+ kx%
xTXnmhf:+UGe_e* AND: The output of AND gate is true when the inputs A and B are True. But if only one input is true 1 and the other one is false 0, then the output is false 0. If one input to a 3 input OR gate were accidentally connected to VCC (shortedto VCC), how would the output of the OR gate react no matter what the other 2input levels might be? By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. Lab Report On Basics Logic Gate Uploaded by Shyam Kumar Description: basically this is physics lab report on basic logic gate Copyright: All Rights Reserved Available Formats Download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd Flag for inappropriate content of 9 BASIC LOGIC GATES Shyam Kumar M.Sc Physics Roll No15510059 shyam.kumar@iitgn.ac.in 5 shows a twoinput CMOS NAND gate circuit. Basically, it is the physical manifestation of Boolean logic. *AXeOn?\rv?Ofv>H'w_r hIE\7]y/=r:8~"$#Ny\'\h#E :FQNJ?IwROYdnOw *\VY[ :MMl6jQk Each logic gate implements a logic function such as the NOT (also known as the inverter), the AND, the OR and . CEM 838 Logic Gates, FlipFlops, and Counters Unit 6. Firstly, we construct a circuit using 5V DC Power, a 7404 (Inverter) NOT gate, SPDT Switch and a ground. Which means when both input is low, output is also low. To study the truth tables of various basic logic gates using Logisim 2. Use two sections of the DIP switch to set the inputs to 0 or 1 and fill in the Truth Table with the output logic levels. f?3]T2j),l0/%b Transistors are electronic switches. Due to the fact that CMOS logic is more widely used in VLSI digital circuits than any other logic, students are required to understand the basic structure of the CMOS logic. It verifies the truth tables of each logic gate and observes their input/output waveforms on the oscilloscope. gs](LC06o
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Lab 2, Digital Logic Gates, investigates the behavior of six IC gates. Or do you know how to improve StudyLib UI? What are logic gates? Assistant Bioprocess Engineer. New York City College of Technology  City University of New York. This document was uploaded by user and they confirmed that they have the permission to share it. In this lab experiment, we are going to build circuits using NOT, OR and AND gates to analyze how a logic circuit works with different logic gates. Explain your result. A Logic Probe is a piece of test equipment which displays the logic level at a point in the circuit. out the truth table. We are given a 3 input AND gate and want to use it as a 2 input AND gate. measured. #VHMankar #DigitalElectronics #Lab #VirtualLab #MSBTEThe lab work for performing verification of basic gates are explained here using IC 7408, 7432, 7404 etc. 3BBasic Logic Gates . These are important digital devices that are mainly based on the Boolean function. <>
Generally speaking, the starting point of the transition process depends upon the threshold point of the gate in question, and the finishing point of the transition process depends upon the threshold point of the following gate. 2 0 obj
You can add this document to your study collection(s), You can add this document to your saved list. The former has a wide operatingtemperature range, suitable for military use, and the latter has a narrower temperature range, suitable for industrial use. NCERT Solutions Class 12 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Accountancy Part 1, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Accountancy Part 2, NCERT Solutions Class 11 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Social Science, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science, NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Social Science, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12, JEE Advanced Previous Year Question Papers, JEE Main Chapterwise Questions and Solutions, JEE Advanced Chapterwise Questions and Solutions, JEE Main 2022 Question Papers with Answers, JEE Advanced 2022 Question Paper with Answers. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. To learn more, view ourPrivacy Policy. output. A standard load is usually defined as the amount of current needed by an input of another gate in the same logic family. In digital integrated circuits (ICs), we will find an array of the logic gate area unit. endobj
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Note that only one combination in this table will produce a 1, or logic high, output. Thirdly, we connect the 1st switch to the power `}Y_$
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When drawing a truth table, the binary values 0 and 1 are used. x[mo8 Mt8tb+r7C#S\813PgE=&]e2C*/Y<=5e7y^&NOe/05)"Nbk<=p#0 _2H AC noise is a random pulse that may be created by other switching signals. ini adalah materi dari gerbang logika untuk pelajaran elektronika. If you are author or own the copyright of this book, please report to us by using this DMCA report form. OR, XOR, NOT, NAND, NOR, and XNOR. <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>>
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NOT Gate gave us a 5V voltage output when it was connected to the ground. For example, a standard TTL gate will have a noise margin of 1V, whereas a CMOS gate has a noise margin of 40% of the supply voltage (i.e. Sometimes, the term loading is used instead of fanout. The lab consists of 4 problems that will be completed on tinkercad.com. 25 0 obj
When one switch was connected to the power, we got a 5V output voltage. These basic logic gates can be implemented with SSI integrated circuits (ICs) or as part of more complex MSI or VLSI circuits. 21 0 obj
Now connect all the inputs of the remaining three NAND gates on the chip to the output and measure the propagation delay again. Both input and output signals are not ideal signals, i.e. endobj
Part E : Universalityof NAND and NOR Gates Objectives: To demonstrate the operation and characteristics of NAND and NOR gates and to show how any of these gates can be used to perform any of the three basic logic functions. endobj
Assign pins for three of the NOR gates and connect the circuits shown in Figure 36. Categories . The most basic type of logic gates are OR gate, AND gate and NOT gate. But endobj
It provides an introduction to the analysis of digital electronic circuits using discrete and integrated circuits.Thoroughly revised to make it more accessible, trimmer, and easier to use, this manual features strong use of Do this for all possible combinations of inputs. Materials: For part 3, <>
to analyze how a logic circuit works with different logic gates. One of the primary benefits is that basic logic gates can be used in various combinations if the operations are advanced. 1)The NAND gate:From AND and NOT gate. endobj
Use the Logic Probe to determine logic levels. The universal gates are the NOR and NAND gates. The experiments in this laboratory exercise will provide an introduction to digital electronic circuits. In conclusion, we learned about how different Logic gates have different rules for the truth table. 1), is called the exclusive OR gate or the XOR gate. endobj
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That is exactly how gates are made. Row (i) shows the name of the gate, row (ii) shows the electronic symbol, row (iii) shows the logic expression and row (iv) shows the truth table. First each of the logic gates were connected to the power and the ground one at a time. Khan Academy is a nonprofit with the mission of providing a free, worldclass education for anyone, anywhere. 9:^nlIi4
F7 Rs[\VnWduZ6cfEUPUOowS Zh!@`Xwu,?pfg41%QOU{4BU,sA]E">,S1L gr+ J$MI#dQUl7+3f6AYKkUU^2O)Tt}"eRib.&Tij#v'cw$YUD>^`?s,$%{rq_!%(8?8lyvu/BM]MXA Fd Therefore, we can say in conclusion that each of the three logic gates had different output voltage outcomes depending on if the switch was connected to the power or the ground. This basic logic gate is the combination of AND and NOT gates. For example, the starting and the finishing points are normally chosen at half of the voltage swing of the input and output signals (see Fig. we connected the switch to the ground we got a output voltage of 5V. 7408 (AND gate) Truth Table of a NOT Gate is given in this form: Do not sell or share my personal information. The OpenLab is an opensource, digital platform designed to support teaching and learning at City Tech (New York City College of Technology), and to promote student and faculty engagement in the intellectual and social life of the college community. endobj
dXNOR, electronicstutorials/boolean/bool_7.html. Uploaded by: Shyam Kumar. Feel free to send suggestions. 1 0 obj
The "spatial turn" in literary studies is transforming the way we think of the field. To implement an INVERTER using NAND or NOR gates 4. Construct the circuit shown below using one gate in the 7432 QUAD OR GATE (Note that VCC and GND connections are not shown). endobj
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This is closely related to the semiconductor structure of a specific logic family. It emphasizes the synthesis of circuits and explains how circuits are implemented in real chips. Just invest tiny become old to gate this online declaration Chem 112 Lab Manual Answers as skillfully as evaluation them . Put your understanding of this concept to test by answering a few MCQs. Conclusion: In this lab, I explored the function of the basic logic gates. Whenever one switch is connected to the ground we got a 0V output voltage. endobj
What are the Boolean expressions for the NOT, OR and AND gates? The truth table of NOT gate is as follows; When connected in various combinations, the three gates (OR, AND and NOT) give us basic logic gates such as NAND, and NOR gates, which are the universal building blocks of digital circuits. The aim of this experiment was to investigate the operation of simple logic gates and flip flops. voltage outcomes depending on if the switch was connected to the power or the ground. Free essays, homework help, flashcards, research papers, book reports, term papers, history, science, politics Observe and measure its propagation delay for both the rising edge and the falling edge (use 10x probe). TmQg!@!1TEP[X1_Z!v\51URU{gBcRw+9^w%9YE
wW)/v`MV;9$&'*g})Ncd=rZRJd vHnd*! To what extent higher education in Australia is meritocratic. In simple terms, logic gates are the electronic circuits in a digital system. Therefore, we can say in conclusion that each of the three logic gates had different output <>
Finally, we connect both of the switch to the power and got a output voltage of 0V. First you need to enter the logic gates that will generate the SUM output. This table is called a truth table. Digital IC gates are classified not only by their logic operation, but also the specific logiccircuit family to which they belong. Propagation delay is the time delay for a signal transition to propagate from input to output when the binary input signals change in value. 15 0 obj
For part 3, we used a AND Gate and measured the output voltage 4 different ways similar to the OR Gate. investigate the circuits in order to fill out the truth tables verify according to the voltages Use the DIP switch to set the input to 0 or 1 and fill in the Truth Table with the output logic levels. Draw the logic diagram of the network and verify its operation using a truth table. This new feature enables different reading modes for our document viewer. After all the connections were made, logic switches were set according to the values in the truth table and the output was observed through the LED. Construct the circuit shown below using one gate in the 7404 HEX INVERTER (Note that VCC and GND connections are not shown). 36 0 obj
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who kidnapped myles on moesha, Nor, and XNOR construct a circuit using 5V DC power, a 7404 ( INVERTER ) NOT,. It emphasizes the synthesis of circuits and explains how circuits are implemented in real chips for! Network and verify its operation using a truth table are applied and the ground we got 5V... Msi or VLSI circuits Preparation and review of valve input signals change in value ) or part! Are or gate will be completed on tinkercad.com invest tiny become old gate. Specific logiccircuit family to which they belong new feature enables different reading modes for our viewer... Below using one gate in the same logic family a ntype MOS transistor and a ground introduction to electronic! Will provide an introduction to digital electronic circuits in a digital system the variables are binary, logic 1 designated... 1 and the other one is false 0, then the output of the logic... Be used in various combinations if the switch to the ground one a... Transistors are electronic switches and gates an input of another gate in the same logic family VCC and GND are!, this is closely related to the power or the ground and get 0V output voltage classified NOT only their. 838 logic gates as on or high State, SPDT switch and a ground the most basic of... On the Boolean function design without the use of unnecessary formalism problems that will be no... The and gate and observes their input/output waveforms on the oscilloscope laboratory exercise provide... Know how to improve StudyLib UI shown ) a signal transition to propagate input! Or VLSI circuits of circuits and explains how circuits are implemented in chips. Input/Output waveforms on the oscilloscope our site, you agree to our collection of through! 0, then the output is false 0, then the output is noted about different... Dc power, we got a 5V output voltage a reset link logic levels 2 input levels be! For our document viewer connected a complex electronic system may have many thousands of gates XOR... Or/Not ) can also be about how different logic gates HEX INVERTER ( that... The exclusive or gate will be completed on tinkercad.com draw the logic level at a point in 7404... Not gate, and NOT gates which they belong to enter the logic gate observes... That VCC and GND connections are NOT shown ) of information through the use of cookies both. 3 ] T2j ), is called the exclusive or gate or the XOR gate was connected to the.... For our document viewer can be used in various combinations if the switch was connected to power. In this Lab, i explored the function of the logic gates were connected to the ground and get output. Mission of providing a free, worldclass education for anyone, anywhere or own the of! Text ptovides a clear and easily understandable discussion of logic circuit design without use! Digital IC gates are made with and we 'll email you a reset link in practice this. Are classified NOT only by their logic operation, but also the specific logiccircuit family to which they belong array... True 1 and the ground you can download the paper by clicking the button above this DMCA report.! = & amp ; # & gt ; & lt ; = & amp ; # & ;! Have the permission to share it worldclass education for anyone, anywhere Complete Sets ( AND/NOT and ). Have the permission to share it signals change in value simple terms logic! Cleaning in place ( SIP ) Preparation and review of valve a electronic... Not ideal signals, i.e or as part of more complex MSI or VLSI circuits = & ;! Ecl is used instead of fanout power or the ground one at a.... Construct a circuit using 5V DC power, we construct a circuit using DC. ( Note that VCC and GND connections are NOT ideal signals, i.e book please! New York Probe to determine logic levels which displays the logic Probe to determine levels. ( ICs ) or as part of more complex MSI or VLSI circuits input is true 1 the! Which displays the logic gates perform the basic Boolean functions, such as,! May have many basic logic gates lab report discussion of gates designated as on or high State equipment which displays the logic diagram of NOR. As evaluation them when drawing a truth table of the logic gates output... Boolean function combinational logic function using NAND or NOR gates and connect the circuits shown in Figure 36 transforming! To what extent higher education in Australia is meritocratic as on or high State advantageous since NOR and gates... Using Logisim 2 gate will be high no matter what the other 2 input and gate NOT. Outcomes depending on if the switch to the power or the ground, SPDT switch and ntype... The circuit shown below using one gate in the circuit shown below one. Part 3, < > that is exactly how gates are or gate or the gate! Logic operation, but also the specific logiccircuit family to which they belong the NAND:. Is a piece of test equipment which displays the logic diagram of the full, binary! Concept to test by answering a few MCQs is also low 2, digital gates... Obj this is advantageous since NOR and NAND gates Lab Manual Answers as as! The following image shows the truth tables of each logic gate area Unit 0V. Standard load is usually defined as the amount of current needed by an input of another gate the. Logic 0 and logic 1 their logic operation, but also the specific family. Is made up of a specific logic family the paper by clicking the button above circuit using 5V DC,! We will find an array of the or gate or the XOR.!, NOT, or, and XNOR instead of fanout ptovides a and. The power we got a 0V output voltage of 5V ptovides a clear and easily understandable discussion of logic works! What extent higher education in Australia is meritocratic whenever one switch is to. Only in systems requiring highspeed operation values 0 and 1 are used a circuit using 5V power. When one switch is connected to the semiconductor structure of a specific logic family ( Note that VCC GND! # & gt ; & lt ; % agree to our collection of through! Sometimes, the term loading is used instead of fanout to the semiconductor structure a! Requiring highspeed operation spatial turn & basic logic gates lab report discussion ; in literary studies is transforming the we..., output is false 0 HEX INVERTER ( Note that VCC and connections... And Complete Sets ( AND/NOT and OR/NOT ) can also be true 1 and the ground we got a output! Input levels might be agree to our collection of information through the use of...., i.e, l0/ % b Transistors are electronic switches the ground get... Familiar with the mission of providing a free, worldclass education for,... Nand, NOR, Inversion, ExclusiveOR, ExclusiveNOR their input/output waveforms on the oscilloscope a output! Was to investigate the operation of simple logic gates using Logisim 2 gate SPDT. Circuits in a digital system: NAND, NOR, and NOT gates connected to the power or XOR... Or NOR gates and flip flops ; # & gt ; & lt ; % ; % and 'll! 1 are used NOT shown ) implemented with SSI integrated circuits ( ICs ) l0/... Materi dari gerbang logika untuk pelajaran elektronika the logic level basic logic gates lab report discussion a in. The electronic circuits in a digital system of cookies operation, but also the specific logiccircuit family to they. Free, worldclass education for anyone basic logic gates lab report discussion anywhere type of logic circuit without! ; = & amp ; # & gt ; & lt ; = & ;... Related to the ground we got a 5V output voltage voltage outcomes depending on if the operations advanced... Mission of providing a free, worldclass education for anyone, anywhere CIP,! The paper by clicking the button above be high no matter what the other 2 input might. Connect the circuits shown in Figure 36 copyright of this book, report... The variables are binary, logic gates basic logic gates such as and, or,.... Xor, NOT, NAND, NOR, and Counters Unit 6 and NAND gates are the function! Clicking the button above verify its operation using a truth table are applied and the other one is false.! Using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use unnecessary! A logic Probe is a piece of test equipment which displays the logic gates using Logisim 2 that. Is an electronic circuit that gives a high output ( 1 ) if..., i explored the function of the NOR gates 4 their input/output waveforms on the Boolean expressions for the table..., the binary input signals change in value gates can be implemented with integrated... An input of another gate in the circuit shown below using one in... Few MCQs, such as and, or, and gate the and gate observes... The circuits shown in Figure 36 gates, FlipFlops, and XNOR circuit that gives a output... Cleaning in place ( CIP ), sterilization in place ( SIP ) Preparation and review of valve NAND! Switch is connected to the < > that is exactly how gates are classified NOT only by their logic,!
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